Missing Oxygen and Acidifying Waters – The Science of a Changing Ocean Along the Oregon Coast


Ocean acidification and hypoxia are emerging as two of the most pressing issues facing Oregon’s coastal fishing communities. Researchers are looking for answers, like the possibility of growing kelp and other sea plants to take up carbon dioxide and buffer against the growing pressures of ocean acidification. Photo courtesy of NOAA Fisheries.


Over the past decade, Oregon’s productive coastal oceans have emerged as ground zero in the search for answers and solutions to ocean acidification and hypoxia. Ocean acidification refers to the changes in pH and related aspects of seawater chemistry that result from the ocean’s uptake of society’s CO2 emissions. Hypoxia refers to the appearance of low-oxygen zones that redistribute and/or suffocate marine life.

Join us Tuesday, November 28th when OSU researcher Dr. Francis Chan shares findings from the frontlines of ocean acidification and hypoxia research in Oregon, and offers his outlook on the steps we can take to prepare ourselves for the changes to come. The TBWC’s monthly business meeting will follow the presentation, including updates on local habitat restoration projects. This event is FREE and open to the public!


Dr. Francis Chan is an Associate Professor Senior Research in the Department of Integrative Biology at Oregon State University.  He received his PhD in ecology from Cornell University, and since then his research has focused on understanding the ecosystem dynamics of coastal oceans. He has worked extensively on understanding the causes and consequences of low-oxygen (hypoxia) zones along the U. S. West Coast. Dr. Chan is also working actively to understand the progression of ocean acidification in coastal waters and their implications for productive coastal oceans. He is a co-principle investigator in the Partnership for Interdisciplinary Studies of Coastal Oceans (PISCO) where he works to build long-term understanding of ocean ecosystem changes through nearshore ocean acidification and hypoxia monitoring efforts. Dr. Chan recently served as the co-chair of the West Coast Ocean Acidification and Hypoxia Science Panel and is active in state (Oregon Ocean Acidification and Hypoxia Monitoring Group Network) and regional (Pacific Coast Collaboration –Interagency Working Group on Ocean Acidification Joint Ocean Acidification and Hypoxia Integrated Monitoring Task Force) planning for ocean change monitoring. Dr. Chan lives in Eugene, Oregon.

Brian Atwater and the Orphan Tsunami of 1700

Katsushika Hokusai’s Iconic 1830’s Painting, “The Great Wave Off Kanagawa”

The Tillamook Bay Watershed Council (TBWC) and Pelican Brewing Company are pleased to announce the return of world-renowned geologist Brian Atwater to Tillamook County for a special event next Monday evening at the Bay City Arts Center. Atwater is best known for discovering geologic evidence of past subduction-zone earthquakes, and for connecting that evidence to historical records of trans-Pacific tsunamis in Japan. He co-authored a professional paper in 2005 that told the story of the “Orphan Tsunami of 1700,” connecting his scientific work in North America with accounts written by Samurai, merchants and villagers in 18th-century Japan. It’s a gripping detective story, and one that has major relevance to the people of Tillamook County. Atwater’s work has contributed significantly to our understanding of subduction-zone quakes and the resulting tsunamis, and has influenced policy and emergency preparedness strategies.


Brian Atwater 3
Geologist Brian Atwater in the tidal wetlands where evidence of earthquakes and resulting tsunamis has been uncovered. Courtesy of Brian Atwater, USGS.


            Join the TBWC next Monday, June 12th, from 6:30PM to 8:00PM at the Bay City Arts Center to hear the whole story and to understand how these important discoveries affect all of us who live on the Oregon Coast. Pelican Brewing will provide beer, and the TBWC will serve light refreshments. Admission is free and open to the public, but donations will be gladly accepted.

            The Tillamook Bay Watershed Council is a local not-for-profit organization building collaborative, voluntary partnerships with communities and landowners. Its mission is to protect, maintain and improve the health of our watershed through on-the-ground restoration projects, educational outreach programs, and other community-engagement activities. This event represents a new partnership with Pelican Brewing to offer a series of public events that promote awareness of watershed issues.


This picture map from 1687, with a symmetrical Mount Fuji, shows a pine-covered spit where a tsunami was noted in January 1700, but with no apparent earthquake. Courtesy of the East Asia Collection, University of California, Berkeley.


Life in the River: Salmon, Steelhead and Trout in Tillamook County

Join us May 30th at the Tillamook County Library, 6:30PM, for an in-depth update on salmon, steelhead and trout populations in Tillamook County from ODFW research biologist Derek Wiley. Wiley will share data collected by his Life Cycle Monitoring crew, as well as a compilation of amazing videos capturing underwater behavior of juvenile and adult chum salmon, Chinook salmon, coho salmon, and Pacific lamprey in several rivers and creeks on the northern Oregon Coast. The Council’s regular monthly meeting will follow the presentation, including updates on habitat restoration efforts in the Tillamook Bay Watershed. These monthly events are FREE and open to the public.

Young Chinook salmon being measured as part of ODFW’s Life Cycle Monitoring program. Information from this program provide critical feedback for fisheries managers as they predict adult returns and set fishing seasons.

When: Tuesday, May 30th at 6:30PM

Where: Tillamook County Library, downtown on 3rd Street

Why: Because we love the Tillamook Bay Watershed!

See you then!

Explore Nature: Steelhead Ecology Hike, April 8th, 2017


Steelhead adult 1
Steelhead are jumbo-sized rainbow trout that inhabit every corner of the Tillamook Bay Watershed. Angling is the most common way for people to see them, but during the spawning season of April and May they can also be viewed by hikers and “fish-watchers.” Photo courtesy of Conrad Gowell.

Have you ever wondered what makes a rainbow trout become a “steelhead?” Have you ever caught a glimpse of steelhead swimming and spawning in the wild? These incredible ocean-going trout are among the most revered gamefish in the world, and they attract thousands of anglers to Tillamook County’s rivers every year. Steelhead are also one of the most beautiful and interesting inhabitants of our rainforest environment. This coming weekend offers a rare chance to learn about these fascinating fish on a special “steelhead ecology” hike along Tillamook’s spectacular Kilchis River. Join naturalists from the Tillamook Bay Watershed Council (TBWC) and Tillamook Estuaries Partnership (TEP) as they lead hikers along sections of the Kilchis, looking for spawning pairs of steelhead, and discussing aspects of steelhead biology and behavior. Registration is FREE and required for this event.

When, Where & What to Bring: This coming Saturday, April 8th from 10:00AM to 1:00PM at the Mapes Creek Landing (aka the “Logger Bridge”) on the Kilchis River. Bring boots, raingear and a snack, as well as a pair of polarized sunglasses if you have them.

Difficulty: Moderate; approximately 2 miles round-trip. Trail is typically muddy and will include navigating uneven terrain and hopping across two small streams.

Cost: The event is FREE, although there will be a $4 parking fee per vehicle, payable by cash or check to the Tillamook County Parks Department.

Registration: Required and available at EventBrite.com by following the link below:


Explore Nature is a series of hikes, walks, paddles and outdoor adventures hosted throughout Tillamook County by a coalition of conservation organizations. These meaningful, nature-based experiences highlight the unique beauty of Tillamook County and the work being done to preserve and conserve the area’s natural resources and natural resource-based economy. Explore Nature is partially funded by the Economic Development Council of Tillamook County and Visit Tillamook Coast.

The TBWC and TEP are local, not-for-profit organizations working to build voluntary partnerships with communities and landowners to protect, maintain and improve the health of our waters, fish and wildlife. Learn more about our on-the-ground restoration projects, educational outreach programs, and other community-engagement activities on our “Projects” page, and at www.tbnep.org.

Steelhead juvenile 1
Young steelhead spend from one to five years rearing in their home rivers before making the trek to the ocean. That means they can be easily mistaken for resident rainbow trout during the summer fishing season. For that reason, many Tillamook-area anglers promote catch-and-release for small rainbow trout, in the hope that they will someday return as adult steelhead. Photo courtesy of Conrad Gowell.


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This 37-inch male, or “buck” steelhead was caught and released on the Trask River in 2015. TBWC photo.




March 28th Speaker Series Event: Homelessness in the Tillamook Watershed

Reentry Center
The Emergency Relief Center on Officer’s Row in Tillamook is one of three relief centers in Northwest Oregon operated by Helping Hands.

The Tillamook Bay Watershed Council is pleased to announce the next installment in its 2017 Speaker Series next Tuesday night, March 28th, at the Tillamook County Library from 6:30PM to 8:30PM.

Alan Evans, co-founder and CEO of Helping Hands Reentry Outreach Centers, will discuss the growing problem of homelessness in the Tillamook Bay watershed and local efforts to help homeless individuals and families become successful members of the community. It’s an issue that is often overlooked in our efforts to protect and improve watershed-health, but homeless camps can contribute to the pollution of our waters in a number of ways. That’s why the TBWC is interested in broadening awareness, both of the problem, and of the most effective solutions.


The Council’s regular monthly meeting will follow the presentation, with updates and discussions about our many habitat restoration and community outreach efforts.
To learn more about Helping Hands Reentry Outreach Centers, visit their website at http://www.helpinghandsreentry.org/
In action
Love and compassion for our homeless community members can transform lives and improve the health of our watershed. Photo courtesy of Helping Hands Reentry Outreach Centers.
We’re looking forward to seeing you next Tuesday evening!
Below is an agenda for our March 28th meeting and an updated Coordinator’s Report:

Gearing Up for a Big Year in 2017

Don Best’s spectacular photo of the floodplains and deltas of the Tillamook, Trask and Wilson rivers. Order a print at donbestphotography.com

The Tillamook Bay Watershed Council is gearing up for a big year in 2017, with two major watershed restoration projects, four Explore Nature events, and, of course, our 2017 Speaker Series featuring presentations by leaders in watershed science and management. There has never been a better time to plug in to our local restoration community and contribute to positive change in your watershed.

The Council’s first meeting of the year will be held Tuesday, January 31st from 6:30PM to 8:30PM at the Tillamook County Library. We will discuss upcoming restoration projects, cover Council business, and conduct a biennial self-evaluation exercise intended to improve the Council’s organizational development.

Our first 2017 Speaker Series event is scheduled for February 28th at 6:30PM, and will feature members of the Oregon Agricultural Heritage Work Group. This visionary program aims to help farmers maintain working lands, while providing incentives and support for conservation efforts on those lands. We expect Tillamook to be a focus-area for this new program, so we’re excited to learn more about it.

Our Explore Nature events will kick off in April with a Steelhead Ecology hike. We’ll announce the date for that event and a number of others in a future post.

Here’s an updated Coordinator’s Report with information about our upcoming watershed restoration projects:

Council Coordinator’s Report, January 23, 2017

Skookum Dam Removal –The bid package is in a final review by the City of Tillamook, Boatwright Engineering and River Design Group for edits. Bid announcement is planned for early February. Total cost of project $514,298; OWEB funds requested: $264,198. Construction scheduled for summer 2017.

Coast Range Road (South Fork Trask) –Permitting is underway, with a bid announcement planned for February. A site walk-through is planned for Feb 7th with Troy Laws to designate large wood sites and to map out excavation areas in the roadbed. Total cost of project: $129,465; OWEB funds requested: $91,365. Construction scheduled for summer 2017.

Mill Creek Culverts (Salmon Superhwy) –Letters of Intent needed from landowners on private crossings. Outreach has begun, with the goal of having landowners on board by early February. Once we have landowner buy-in, we can begin developing an OWEB grant application—either a TA for designs or a restoration grant for implementation. $193,000 secured (USFWS & TCPWD) plus Joint Chief’s dollars, which should be allocated soon.

 Mill Creek Habitat Enhancement –Dave Harris and Maysa Miller (NORP) walked the site and made detailed notes to help determine a final planting plan so they can plan accordingly. Seeking permission from the Tillamook Adventist School to cut willows to be deposited in the beaver-dam stretch of Mill Creek ASAP. Final reporting to OWEB is underway.

Bill Creek, Trask River – We will be visiting the Bill Creek site Feb 7th with Troy Laws, Mark Meleason and Jorge Rios. The hope is that it will be a strong prospect for our next OWEB restoration grant application.

Education & Outreach – Our 2017 Speaker Series is in development, with a few speakers set. We’re also talking with Pelican Brewing about starting a Science Pub series.

Science Discovery Nights at South Prairie and Garibaldi Schools went very well, and Nehalem School’s event is this Thursday. We’re also working with students to help them plan their science projects.

Upcoming eventsJanuary 31st, Monthly Meeting and Council Self-Evaluation, Tillamook County Library, 6:30PM.

February 28th – Speaker Series: OWEB’s New Agricultural Heritage Program and what it might mean for Tillamook County, Tillamook County Library, 6:30PM.

For more information contact: Robert Russell, Council Coordinator, 503-322-0002 or email us at tillamookbaywatershedcouncil@gmail.com

A Report from Tillamook’s 53rd Annual Christmas Bird Count

John P. counts huge flocks of waterfowl and shorebirds at Kilchis Point while Denise H. writes it all down. If you are curious about our local birds, don’t miss next year’s Christmas Bird Count!

Our Council members spend a lot of time in and around the Tillamook Bay, which means we are always surrounded by birds. We recognize some of them on sight: bald eagles, red tailed hawks, great blue herons, as well as local favorites, like the great egret and the white tailed kite. We are familiar with several of the many different duck species that frequent our bay: mallards, buffleheads, goldeneyes. But there are dozens of species that fly or swim by us that get lumped into broad categories like “gulls” or “shore birds.” Even experienced birders can be daunted by the number of species, especially given their seasonal changes in plumage. So when our Council Coordinator got the chance to participate in the 53rd Annual Christmas Bird Count on Tillamook Bay, he jumped at the chance, even if it required a pre-dawn meeting on a cold winter’s day. Here’s Rob’s report from December 17th, 2016:

Our team met at the Tillamook Denny’s at 6:30AM. It was still dark, but a fresh layer of snow made everything seem brighter, and colder! Denise H. and I were paired with a master birder named John P. who has been doing bird counts for over 40 years. We knew we were in for a real education, and it sure turned out that way.

We launched the boat at Park’s Landing on the lower Kilchis and floated out to Hathaway Slough and Kilchis Point. It snowed periodically, which added a magical quality to the morning. We made several stops on gravel bars to set up the spotting scope, where John counted literally thousands of waterfowl and shorebirds. From there we proceeded to Bay City, counting as we went, and arrived at Pacific Oyster just in time for lunch. Then we climbed back in the boat and motored across the bay to the Bayocean side. This was important because there were birds that John knew would be associated with the eel grass beds in the middle and West bay. Then we made our way up to Dick Point and the Picket Fence, where we crossed back to the east side and explored the massive delta of the Kilchis, Wilson and Trask. Since the Southern Flow Corridor project had mostly finished, we were able to enter Blind Slough for the first time–very exciting. And we were all blown away by the beauty of the newly-connected tidal channel. Our team ended the day at Memaloose Point with over 8,000 birds counted, representing 65 species. There were 14 other birders who participated–a total of 17. Between all of us we counted 27,381 birds of 121 species. A few points of interest from the organizer, Owen Schmidt: The biggest news was the Hooded Oriole coming to the Tweelinckx’s in the Village of Meares and staying at least until Count Day.  Not everyone who stopped by saw the bird, which had been coming daily but stayed only briefly.  The bird was photographed in the days prior to the Count and appears on eBird lists. Say’s Phoebe was seen for only the third time, a single bird near the Air Museum.  A total. of 13 Western Bluebirds from 2 locations set a new high Count record.  Great Egrets continue to grow in their winter numbers with 114 birds from several locations.

Click here to see a PDF of the complete species list and tally from the 53rd Tillamook CBC:


For more information about the Tillamook Bay CBC, contact the compiler, Owen Schmidt, at (503) 789-4854, oschmidt@att.net.


A Western Bluebird poses for a snapshot near the Tillamook Air Museum. Owen Schmidt photo. Thank, Owen!

Holiday Events: November 29th Business Meeting and December 27th Potluck & Watershed Celebration!

It’s been a big year for habitat restoration in the Tillamook Bay Watershed, and we have two more opportunities to gather, share and celebrate the positive momentum that is making Tillamook a better place to live, work and recreate.

Join us the evening of November 29th at the Tillamook County Library for our monthly business meeting from 6:30PM to 8:00PM.

And don’t miss our annual Holiday Potluck & Watershed Celebration on December 27th at the Bay City Arts Center from 6:30PM to 8:30PM.


Both events are excellent opportunities to get involved in local watershed projects and volunteer activities. For more information call Council Coordinator Rob Russell: 503-322-0002 or drop us an email at tillamookbaywatershedcouncil at Gmail dot com.

Wetland Recovery and Salmon Population Resilience

Tillamook has been an epicenter of salmon habitat restoration efforts over the last two years. In fact, we are currently hosting the largest wetland-restoration project in Oregon’s history. Tillamook County’s Southern Flow Corridor Landowner Preferred Alternative project–usually referred to as “Southern Flow” for the sake of brevity–is reconnecting 520 acres of tidal wetlands in the Wilson-Trask Delta. The summer of 2015 saw The Nature Conservancy’s reconnection of Stasek Slough to the Kilchis River, and the excavation of miles of tidal channels, nearly doubling the available wetland habitat in the Kilchis Delta. And going back a few years earlier, the Miami Wetlands project restored tidal wetlands at the mouth of the Miami River. Collectively, these projects add up to over 650 acres of restored habitat for juvenile salmon, and they represent a major pendulum swing in local land use, from dairy farming to the natural production of salmon.

This photo shows the 520-acre area being reconnected through the Southern Flow Corridor project in the Wilson-Trask delta. By 2017 this area will be available to juvenile salmon.

In the Tillamook, roughly 85% of tidal wetlands were reclaimed as farmland from the late 1800s through the 1970s. That meant the clearing of Sitka spruce forests and swamps and the diking of large areas to prevent tidal influence and saltwater intrusion. With the dikes came tidegates which were designed to allow water to flow off the land, but to prevent water from flowing in. This massive loss of juvenile rearing habitat is now recognized as one of the  primary limiting factors for Tillamook’s coho and Chinook salmon populations, which today are roughly 10% to 30%  of their historic abundance, depending on the species.

Young Chinook salmon like these rely on tidal wetlands to grow big and strong.

With so many major restoration projects rolling out in the Tillamook, the big question is How will the fish respond? For the answer to that question, we’ll have to be patient, but we do have a very good case study just two watersheds to the south which points to a hopeful outcome. The Salmon River estuary, just north of Lincoln City, was the scene of intensive restoration of wetlands from 1978 to 2011, resulting in over 400 acres of reconnected salmon habitat. NOAA scientist Daniel Bottom, along with a team of fisheries scientists, studied the response of coho and Chinook salmon populations during the same period. They also looked at how the wetlands performed as rearing habitat for young salmon and how the fish used the habitat. Bottom and his team found that the diversity of coho and Chinook life-history strategies expanded dramatically with the increased rearing opportunity. And they estimated an increase of 20% to 40% of returning adult salmon as a result of the restored habitats. It was the first local study to quantify the benefits of wetland restoration to salmon, and to clearly demonstrate the connection between wetlands habitats and life-history diversity. In the years since the Salmon River studies, Bottom and others have gone on to suggest that life-history diversity among salmon is likely the key to survival in a changing world. And since wetland restoration has been shown to restore that diversity, it follows that wetland restoration is critical to the adaptation and survival of salmon populations as climate changes and sea levels rise.

Join the Tillamook Bay Watershed Council the evening of October 25th for a special presentation by Daniel Bottom. He will share experiences and revelations from his time on the Salmon River, and he will discuss the potential gains from our local restoration efforts. Don’t miss this rare chance to learn some of the latest findings in fisheries science from one of our area’s leading researchers. The presentation will be held in the Hatfield Room at the Tillamook County Library from 6:30PM to 7:30PM. We hope to see you there!

If you missed Dan’s presentation you can still see his slide here: Salmon River Study

Daniel Bottom, NOAA Researcher and presenter on October 25th, 2016 at the Tillamook County Library, 6:30PM to 7:30PM.